Pakistan recipes

What is white rice?

What is Rice
Written by Husband Can Cook

What is Rice?

Rice is a staple food and one of the most important cereal grains consumed by people around the world. It is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asia) or Oryza glaberrima (Africa) and is widely cultivated for its edible grains. Rice is a primary food source for more than half of the world’s population, particularly in Asia, where it is a dietary staple.

There are several varieties of rice, with different shapes, sizes, and colors. Some types are given below:

White Rice

The bran and germ layers are removed from the rice grain, leaving just the endosperm. This is the most widely consumed type and is characterized by its neutral flavor and fluffy texture when cooked.

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Brown Rice

Only the outer hull is removed from the rice grain, leaving the bran and germ layers intact. This type is more nutritious than other type as it retains more vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

How to cook White Rice ?

Cooking rice is a simple and essential culinary skill. There are different methods for cooking it, but I’ll provide you with a basic stovetop method for cooking white rice, which is one of the most common type. Here’s how to do it:


– White rice
– Water
– Optional: Salt, butter, or oil for added flavor


– Medium-sized saucepan with a lid
– Fine-mesh strainer (if needed)


1. Measuring:

Use a measuring cup to measure the desired amount of rice. A common ratio is 1 cup of rice to 2 cups of water, but you can adjust this based on your preference and the type you’re using.

2. Rinsing(optional):

Rinsing process can remove excess starch and improve the texture. Put them in a fine-mesh strainer and rinse it under cold running water until the water runs clear.

3. Combining with water:

In the saucepan, add the rinsed rice and the appropriate amount of water. If you didn’t rinse it, add the water directly to the saucepan.

4. Optional: Add flavorings:

You can add a pinch of salt, a small amount of butter, or a drizzle of oil to enhance the taste. This step is entirely optional, but it can add a nice touch.

5. Cook the rice:

Place the saucepan on the stovetop over medium-high heat. Bring the water to a boil, stirring the rice occasionally to prevent sticking.

6. Reduce heat and cover:

Once the water comes to a boil, reduce the heat to low, cover the saucepan with a lid, and let the rice simmer gently. This will allow to absorb the water and cook evenly.

7. Cooking time:

The cooking time will vary depending on the type of rice and the amount you are cooking. Typically, it takes around 15-20 minutes to cook.

8. Check for doneness:

After the recommended cooking time, check the rice to see if it’s done. It should be tender and all the water should be absorbed. If the rice is still too firm or there’s excess water, cover the saucepan again and let it cook for a few more minutes.

9. Fluffing:

Once the rice is cooked, remove the saucepan from the heat and let it sit, covered, for a couple of minutes. Then, use a fork to fluff gently to separate the grains.

10. Serve:

Your white rice dish is now ready to be served as a side dish or as a base for various meals. Enjoy!

Remember that cooking times may vary depending on the type that you are using and your stovetop’s heat intensity.

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Husband Can Cook

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